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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 Athenaeum Palace & Luxury Suites
Athenaeum Palace & Luxury Suites, Athens
Located in Athens, just 984 feet from Onassis Cultural Center, the 4-star Atheneum Palace & Luxury Suites offers elegantly decorated rooms and suites with free WiFi access. more...
 Achillion Hotel
Achillion Hotel, Athens
Αchillion Hotel is in the business center of Athens, 215 yards from Omonoia Metro Station. It has air-conditioned rooms with a balcony. Free wired internet is available throughout the entire hotel. more...
 Syntagma Luxury Living One “LL1”
Syntagma Luxury Living One “LL1”, Athens
Located a 7-minute walk from Monastiraki Square, Syntagma Luxury Living One “LL1” has accommodations and free WiFi in the Athens City Centre of Athens. more...
 Penthouse direct VIEW to Acropolis &Parthenon
Penthouse direct VIEW to Acropolis &Parthenon, Athens
Offering mountain views, Penthouse direct VIEW to Acropolis &Parthenon is a property located in Athens, a 6-minute walk from Acropolis Museum and 600 yards from Odeum of Herodes Atticus. more...
 HiEnd flat + terrace (lower Ground floor)
HiEnd flat + terrace (lower Ground floor), Athens
Located in the Athens City Centre district in Athens, a 7-minute walk from Museum of Cycladic Art, HiEnd flat + terrace (lower Ground floor) provides accommodations with an terrace and free WiFi. more...
 Acropolis Newly Built Apartment
Acropolis Newly Built Apartment, Athens
Featuring air-conditioned accommodations with a balcony, Acropolis Newly Built Apartment is located in Athens. The property is a 15-minute walk from Filopappos Hill. more...
 Bel appartement à deux pas de l'Acropole
Bel appartement à deux pas de l'Acropole, Athens
Bel appartement à deux pas de l'Acropole is located in Athens, a 6-minute walk from Acropolis Museum, half a mile from Zappion - National Garden, and an 11-minute walk from Odeum of Herodes Atticus. more...
 Your Athens Home
Your Athens Home, Athens
Located a 13-minute walk from Temple of Olympion Zeus, Your Athens Home offers accommodations with a kitchen in Athens. The property has city views. more...
 Stunning apartment in the heart of Athens
Stunning apartment in the heart of Athens, Athens
Featuring mountain views, Stunning apartment in the heart of Athens has accommodations with a terrace, around an 18-minute walk from National Theatre of Greece. more...
 Close to Akropolis with yard
Close to Akropolis with yard, Athens
Located in the Athens City Centre of Athens, just a 9-minute walk from Acropolis Museum, Close to Akropolis with yard provides garden views and free WiFi. more...
 Vivo Apartments
Marousi is a great choice for travelers interested in food, sightseeing and culture
Located 1640 feet from Mitera, Iaso and Ygeia Hospitals in Athens, these air-conditioned apartments feature free WiFi. more...
 Historic center/Apartment near Acropolis
Historic center/Apartment near Acropolis, Athens
Featuring a terrace, Historic center/Apartment near Acropolis is conveniently located in Petralona of Athens, a 15-minute walk from Filopappos Hill. more...
 Acropolis View Hotel
Acropolis View Hotel, Athens
In the historic center of Athens, Acropolis View Hotel offers spectacular Parthenon views. The New Acropolis Museum and the metro station are just under half a mile away. more...
 Lotus Center
Lotus Center, Athens
Centrally located in Athens, yards away from Ermou where an abundace of shops and boutiques can be found, Lotus Center offers easy access to lively areas and major touristic attractions of Athens. more...
 Athens Cypria Hotel
Athens Cypria Hotel, Athens
Just 984 feet from Syntagma Metro Station, Athens Cypria Hotel features a stylish café-bar, an internet corner and rooftop bar with Acropolis view. more...




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