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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 The Stanley
The Stanley, Athens
Conveniently located 600 metres from Athens city centre and just steps from Metaxourgeio Metro Station, Stanley Hotel features a rooftop pool, 2 restaurants and 3 bars, including an open-air bar on more...
 Wyndham Athens Residence
Wyndham Athens Residence, Athens
Wyndham Athens Residence offers accommodations in Athens. All rooms are equipped with a private bathroom. A TV is provided. There is a 24-hour front desk at the property. more...
 Hotel Lozenge
Hotel Lozenge, Athens
Set in the high-end Kolonaki area of Athens, just steps from designer's shops, Hotel Lozenge offers rooms and suites with free WiFi access. more...
 Sofitel Athens Airport
Sofitel Athens Airport, Athens
The 5-star Sofitel Athens is conveniently located 50 metres from Athens International Airport. It offers 2 restaurants, a spa and an indoor heated pool with views over the airport. more...
 Artdecoathens
Artdecoathens, Athens
Artdecoathens offers accommodations in Athens, just 203 yards from Ermou Street Shopping Area. The property features views of the city and is half a mile from Acropolis. more...
 Adrian Hotel
Adrian Hotel, Athens
Located right under the Acropolis hill, Adrian Hotel is ideally located near all major Athens attractions. Rooms are elegantly decorated and feature private balconies. more...
 Eva's apartment - Acropolis
Eva's apartment - Acropolis, Athens
Located 0.6 miles from Acropolis and 0.9 miles from Syntagma Square, Eva's apartment - Acropolis offers accommodations in Athens. more...
 Acropolis View Deluxe Penthouse
Acropolis View Deluxe Penthouse, Athens
Situated right across from Acropolis Museum in Athens, the air-conditioned apartments feature a terrace. more...
 Luxus apartment facing Acropolis
Luxus apartment facing Acropolis, Athens
Centrally located in Athens, Luxus apartment facing Acropolis offers self-catering accommodation with free WiFi. The air-conditioned unit is 100 metres from Acropolis Museum. more...
 Dream retire of athens
Dream retire of athens, Athens
Dream retire of athens offers accommodations in Athens, 0.9 miles from Ermou Street Shopping Area and one mile from Syntagma Square. more...
 Nsplace
Nsplace, Athens
Located within short walking distance from Monastiraki Metro Station, Nsplace offers fully equipped and tastefully decorated accommodation with steam bath and views over the Acropolis. more...
 Athens Mosaico Suites & Apartments
Athens Mosaico Suites & Apartments, Athens
Featuring a rooftop swimming pool with views over the Acropolis, Athens Mosaico Suites & Apartments is centrally located in Athens, just 50 metres from Metaxourgio Metro Station. more...
 360Degrees Pop Art Hotel
360Degrees Pop Art Hotel, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens, 360Degrees Pop Art Hotel offers modern accommodation with free WiFi access just steps from Ermou Street. more...
 Scale Suites
Scale Suites, Athens
Within 1.5 km of Alimos Marina, Scale Suites offers modernly decorated accommodation. It features free WiFi throughout, and free indoor, private parking. Eleftherios Venizelos Airport is 15 km away. more...
 Frixos Acropolis Luxury Apartment
Frixos Acropolis Luxury Apartment, Athens
Frixos Acropolis Luxury Apartment offers accommodations in Athens, 550 yards from Acropolis and 0.6 miles from Syntagma Square. more...




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