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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 The Stanley
Conveniently located 1969 feet from Athens city center and just steps from Metaxourgeio Metro Station, Stanley Hotel features a rooftop pool, 2 restaurants and 2 bars, including an open-air bar on the more...
 More Athens Apartment
Right in the center of Athens, located within a short distance of Monastiraki Square and Omonia Square, More Athens Apartment offers free WiFi, air conditioning and household amenities such as a more...
 Athenian Lofts
Located a 6-minute walk from Monastiraki Square, Athenian Lofts offers air-conditioned accommodations with a balcony and free WiFi. more...
 Hercules Residence
Located in Athens, a 10-minute walk from Gazi - Technopoli and half a mile from Temple of Hephaestus, Hercules Residence provides accommodations with free WiFi, air conditioning, a fitness center and more...
 Ederlezi Boutique Hotel
Located in Athens and with Monastiraki Square reachable within a 6-minute walk, Ederlezi Boutique Hotel provides express check-in and check-out, non-smoking rooms, free bikes, free WiFi and a garden. more...
 Cozy Apartment by the Acropolis
In the Athens City Centre district of Athens, close to Temple of Hephaestus, Cozy Apartment by the Acropolis features free WiFi and a washing machine. more...
 Mythos Luxury Suites
Mythos Luxury Suites has air-conditioned guest accommodations with Acropolis view, right in the heart of Athens. more...
 Traditional Thiseio Home
Located in Athens, a 13-minute walk from Temple of Hephaestus and 0.7 miles from Filopappos Hill, Traditional Thiseio Home has accommodations with free WiFi, air conditioning and a garden. more...
 Athenaeum Eridanus Luxury Hotel
Located in the heart of Athens, Atheneum Eridanus Luxury Hotel features classically decorated rooms with marble bathrooms. It offers a buffet breakfast. more...
 Penthouse 3BD apt w/ sea-view in Athenian Riviera
Penthouse 3BD apt w/ sea-view in Athenian Riviera is located in the Alimos district of Athens, 2.5 miles from Flisvos Marina, 2.8 miles from Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center and 3.6 miles more...
 Heritage Boutique Apartments
Located within an 8-minute walk of Monastiraki Square and 0.6 miles of Ermou Street in the Athens City Centre of Athens, Heritage Boutique Apartments provides accommodations with free WiFi and seating more...
 Sunkissed Rooftop Apartments
Sunkissed Rooftop Apartments provides accommodations located in Athens, 1640 feet from National Theater of Greece and 2297 feet from Omonia Square. more...
 Three-Bedroom Apartment with Acropolis view
Featuring air conditioning, Three-Bedroom Apartment with Acropolis view offers accommodations in Athens. The accommodations features a spa bath and a large furnished balcony. more...
 Boutique Luxury Studios in Athens Downtown
Offering accommodations with free WiFi, air conditioning and flat-screen TV, Boutique Luxury Studios in Athens Downtown is located a 9-minute walk from Ermou Street and half a mile from Syntagma more...
 ★ Bright and stylish apt in city center - Koukaki ★
Right in the center of Athens, located within a short distance of Filopappos Hill and Odeum of Herodes Atticus, ★ Bright and stylish apt in city center - Koukaki ★ offers free WiFi, air conditioning more...




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