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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 The Stanley
The Stanley, Athens
Conveniently located 1969 feet from Athens city center and just steps from Metaxourgeio Metro Station, Stanley Hotel features a rooftop pool, 2 restaurants and 2 bars, including an open-air bar on the more...
 Eye Candy Penthouse
Eye Candy Penthouse, Athens
Located in Athens, a 14-minute walk from Temple of Olympion Zeus and 0.9 miles from Acropolis Museum, Eye Candy Penthouse provides accommodations with free WiFi, air conditioning and a terrace. more...
 Absolute Athens VI
Absolute Athens VI, Athens
Absolute Athens VI is a self-catering property located in Athens near Acropolis Museum. This apartment provides a terrace. The apartment includes 1 bedroom and a kitchen with a dishwasher and an oven . more...
 Boutique Athens CT Building
Boutique Athens CT Building, Athens
Centrally located in Athens, 1312 feet from Monastiraki Flea Market, CT6 Building offers stylish apartments with free WiFi access. Ermou Street-Shopping Area is 1312 feet away. more...
 Absolute Athens VII
Absolute Athens VII, Athens
Featuring a terrace, Absolute Athens VII is well set in Athens City Centre of Athens, a 9-minute walk from Acropolis Museum and half a mile from Odeum of Herodes Atticus. more...
 Grand Hyatt Athens
Grand Hyatt Athens, Athens
Grand Hyatt Athens, opened in August 2018, features a rooftop, seasonal pool and bar with stunning views over the Acropolis. more...
 Acropolis brand new 1min from metro!
Acropolis brand new 1min from metro!, Athens
Featuring city views, Acropolis brand new 1min from metro! provides accommodations with a terrace, around an 11-minute walk from National Archaeological Museum of Athens. more...
 Athens Penthouse Suite
Athens Penthouse Suite, Athens
Athens Penthouse Suite offers accommodations in Athens, 0.9 mi from Lycabettus Hill. The apartment is 0.9 mi from Athens Music Hall. more...
 Newly Renovated Apt in Kolonaki
Newly Renovated Apt in Kolonaki, Athens
Located an 8-minute walk from Lycabettus Hill, Newly Renovated Apt in Kolonaki offers accommodations with a kitchen in Athens. The Museum of Cycladic Art is within 0.6 miles of the apartment. more...
 Olala Syntagma Apartments
Olala Syntagma Apartments, Athens
Olala Syntagma Apartments is located in the Athens City Centre district of Athens, a 10-minute walk from Ermou Street and 0.6 miles from Syntagma Square. Free WiFi is featured. more...
 Soho Apartments
Soho Apartments, Athens
Located in Athens, Soho Apartments has accommodations with free WiFi, a flat-screen TV and a kitchen. All units come with a dishwasher, oven, a coffee machine, a toaster and electric tea pot. more...
 Olala Kolonaki Boutique Apartments
Olala Kolonaki Boutique Apartments, Athens
Located in Athens, Olala Kolonaki Boutique Apartments has accommodations with a flat-screen TV. Complimentary WiFi is available. Each unit has air-conditioned bedrooms and a kitchen with an oven. more...
 Hub Suites, Luxury living in Athens
Hub Suites, Luxury living in Athens, Athens
Set 2625 feet from Acropolis Museum, Hub Suites, Luxury living in Athens offers air-conditioned accommodations with Acropolis and Filopappos Hill views. Free WiFi is available. more...
 Sofitel Athens Airport
Sofitel Athens Airport, Athens
The 5-star Sofitel Athens is conveniently located 50 metres from Athens International Airport. It offers 2 restaurants, a spa and an indoor heated pool with views over the airport. more...
 Cosy 110m² apt 4' metro near Archaeological Museum
Cosy 110m² apt 4' metro near Archaeological Museum, Athens
Cozy 361 ft² apt 4' metro near Archaeological Museum in Athens features accommodations with free WiFi, 0.8 mi from National Archaeological Museum of Athens. more...




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